Read Four Major Plays: A Doll's House; The Wild Duck; Hedda Gabler; The Master Builder by Henrik Ibsen Free Online
Book Title: Four Major Plays: A Doll's House; The Wild Duck; Hedda Gabler; The Master Builder|
ISBN 13: 9780451513977
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 6.49 MB
City - Country: No data
The author of the book: Henrik Ibsen
Edition: Signet Book
Date of issue: January 1st 1979
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Reader ratings: 4.2
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In Hedda Gabler and The Master Builder Ibsen shifted his focus from the pressures exerted on women by society to the pressures individuals exert on other individuals in their urge to dominate and control one another. Hedda Gabler, 'a-crawl with the foulest passions of humanity', as one contemporary reviewer claimed, is also a flawed idealist in an anguished private dilemma; in creating her Ibsen brought dramatic prose towards the expression of a reality beneath the surface of words. This collection of plays is taken from the Oxford Ibsen, James McFarlane's acclaimed scholarly edition.
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Read information about the authorHenrik Johan Ibsen was a major Norwegian playwright largely responsible for the rise of modern realistic drama. He is often referred to as the "father of modern drama." Ibsen is held to be the greatest of Norwegian authors and one of the most important playwrights of all time, celebrated as a national symbol by Norwegians.
His plays were considered scandalous to many of his era, when Victorian values of family life and propriety largely held sway in Europe and any challenge to them was considered immoral and outrageous. Ibsen's work examined the realities that lay behind many facades, possessing a revelatory nature that was disquieting to many contemporaries.
Ibsen largely founded the modern stage by introducing a critical eye and free inquiry into the conditions of life and issues of morality. Victorian-era plays were expected to be moral dramas with noble protagonists pitted against darker forces; every drama was expected to result in a morally appropriate conclusion, meaning that goodness was to bring happiness, and immorality pain. Ibsen challenged this notion and the beliefs of his times and shattered the illusions of his audiences.